Royal Dutch Shell, failed in seizing the shell.ir


We would like to congratulate and inform the users of this website that the Dutch–British company, Royal Dutch Shell, failed in stopping the website’s activity and seizing the shell.ir website.

Finally, after two years of legal disputes between shell.ir domain owner and Shell company, Tehran Province Appeals Court issued its final verdict in favor of shell.ir domain owner. Shell had sought transferring the ownership of this domain to its company with false claims. Tehran Public Court initially had denied all charges and then, following Shell’s appeal request, Tehran Province Appeals Court also rejected this objection and issued its conclusive verdict. Therefore, the court rejected Shell’s request regarding transferring the domain to that company. By issuance of the final verdict of the court, Shell failed in stopping the legal activity of this website and also seizing shell.ir domain address and adding it to the list of domains owned by this company.

It is worth mentioning that nearly 3 years ago when the owner of this domain faced with the domineering request of Shell and a 3-days deadline (!) for transferring the domain to Shell, he was determined to defend his legal rights against this extravagance. Therefore, by forming a team of the most experienced lawyers in the field of intellectual property and trademarks and by enduring copious financial and spiritual costs, he succeeded in proving his right of ownership and use of the domain address shell.ir.

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What is a Shell?


A shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users to an operating system which provides access to the services of a kernel. The name shell originates from shells being an outer layer of interface between the user and the innards of the operating system (the kernel).
In operating systems shell generally fall into one of two categories: command-line shell and graphical shell. A command-line shell provide a command-line interface (CLI) to the operating system, while a graphical shell provide a graphical user interface (GUI).  The primary purpose of the shell is to launch another program;  however,  shells frequently have additional capabilities.

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Z Shell


The Z shell (zsh) is a Unix shell that can be used as an interactive login shell and as a powerful command interpreter for shell scripting. Zsh can be thought of as an extended bourne shell with a large number of improvements, including some of the most useful features of bash, ksh, and tcsh.

The first version of zsh was written by Paul Falstad in 1990 when he was a student at Princeton University. The name zsh derives from Zhong Shao, then a teaching assistant at Princeton University. Paul Falstad thought that Shao’s login name, “zsh”, was a good name for a shell.

Features of note include:
Programmable command line completion that can help the user type both options and arguments for most used commands, with out-of-the-box support for several hundred commands
Sharing of command history among all running shells
Extended file globbing allows file specification without needing to run an external program such as find
Improved variable/array handling
Editing of multi-line commands in a single buffer
Spelling correction
Various compatibility modes, e.g. zsh can pretend to be a Bourne shell when run as /bin/sh
Themeable prompts, including the ability to put prompt information on the right side of the screen and have it auto-hide when typing a long command
Fully customizable
Attesting to the sheer size of this shell is the first sentence of the shell’s manual page, which reads “Because zsh contains many features, the zsh manual has been split into a number of sections”, and then goes on to list thirteen items.

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